History

The end of history comes with the fall of communism. Francis Fukuyama states in The End of History and the Last Man that the end of the Cold War is the victory of liberalism over competing ideologies. This end of ...

On Sunday, September 1, German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier apologized to the victims of German aggression in 1939 at a ceremony in Wielun, a small Polish town where the first bombs of the Second World War fell. “I bow to the ...

From 431 to 404 before Christ Era, Athens and Sparta fought a bloody war, known as the Peloponnesian War. Thucydide, an Athenian thinker and politician, wrote a book in which he tells the story of this conflict. A brief History ...

Introduction In the first part of this brief history, we broadly described the numerous victories of the West. Indeed, at the end of the nineteenth century, the West became the undisputed champion of global power competition. In spite of some ...

What is the West ? At the middle of the fifteenth century (around 1450), the West was isolated. It was surrounded by a muslim-dominated Mediterranean Sea, Anatolia and Balkan region. Navigators, massively backed by States and European Dynasties, opened the ...

Middle East is reputed for citadel of civilizations. It is the cradle from which various self- assertive civilizations like Egyptian, Persian, Mesopotamian, and Ottoman originated and flourished. Competition among Empires to dominate the region, and struggle among colonialist states to ...

Literature indubitably is the reflection of life and its animadversion as well as paints a realistic picture of society and its institutions. Suchlike is the predicament of African novelist Chinua Achebe’s 1966 novel “Man of the People” which talks of ...

Hobbes once wrote that ” Man is a wolf to man “. This English philosopher stresses an eternal truth : men will never live in a peaceful world. They have fought the one with the other. Athenians and Spartans used ...

Achievements of Cyrus –The Great: According to the narrator of the documentary (2014), Cyrus –The Great created and maintained an empire not only because of his military strategies but also because of his political sagacity. The narrator also adds that ...

Use of Longbow in the Hundred Years’ war: In 1346, the English Forces demonstrated the power of longbow in the Battle of Crecy which changed the warfare. Because of the usage of Longbow, the English forces defeated the French forces ...