Although the UN mediator manages to form a government of national unity between the two rival governments, an international mission in Libya is necessary, explain the Italian newspapers. And Rome is willing to lead, to preserve peace, and interests.
Taking advantage of the conflict of legitimacy between two rival governments, the Islamic state gradually advance in the Libyan chaos. Its expansion, daily violence and the intense influx of migrants in the Mediterranean have led the United States and five European countries (Italy, France, Germany, United Kingdom, Spain) to draft the weekend of August 15 a statement. They say it “deeply concerned”, reports the Corriere della Sera, and invite the rival factions to follow suit with the UN envoy Bernardino Leon, who attempts to achieve the formation of a unity government National.
For the Milanese newspaper, “An agreement on Libya is perhaps less unlikely that he could be the recent months. Many factions are tired of fighting. The country needs money and is anxiously awaiting the resumption of oil exports “the plane on which Bernardino León board has already obtained the support of 20 Libyan factions 24, -. It lacks such government approval to dominance Islamist from Tripoli who unlike that of Tobruk, is not recognized by the international community.
A Mission in preparation
However, the conclusion of an agreement is a prerequisite. La Repubblica warns: “If ever the mission of Bernardino León was to end, it would be mainly to Europe to guarantee, including by military means, the political agreement.” The Italian Government rightly working for several months on this scenario, Corriere details in another article: “military and financial aid, training the Libyan army, mission of UN peacekeepers to protect strategic points, and ‘possible air incursions with allies. ” This mission, with the approval of the UN, “will ensure compliance with the clauses guaranteeing security institutions and the resumption of oil activities, starting with the operation of oil wells.”
Already in early August, The Times explained that in anticipation of an agreement interlibyen, military preparations were underway in six countries – those who signed the communiqué of last weekend – with the cooperation of the UN and the European Union.
For this mission work, it is essential that countries take the lead, says the Corriere della Sera in its editorial of August 17. And to argue that it would be logical, for geographical and historical reasons, be it Italy, which would draw three advantages.
First, an economic interest: “The Libyan wells could start functioning and Italy would be the first country to benefit. The second is immigration. […] A military mission in Libya permetterait to better control the comings and goings of couriers, to create conditions to accommodate and retain migrants on Libyan soil, to separate those who are entitled to asylum in the mass of . social emigration “The third interest is political: Italy, who remained behind in the past crises – including that of Greek debt – could pick up the ranks in the eyes of its European partners.
The feverish Italy face the threat of the Islamic State
While the international community pushing for a negotiated solution, the Parliament of Tobruk, one interlocutor recognizes it, “did not intend to wait qu’aboutissent diplomacy efforts and the beginning of a new phase policy. ” It calls for the lifting of the arms embargo imposed in 2011 and an armed intervention against Arab jihadists of IE. The Arab League has decided that August 18th for support, including military, Libyan government, but without specifying how.